06 de junio de 2020
ÚLTIMAS NOTICIAS:
English - News

Traditional dress of Bolivia's Aymara women is more in style than ever

By Gina Baldivieso.

La Paz, Jul 12 (efe-epa).- Finely embroidered blouses and shawls together with layered skirts and boots, fashioned lately but inspired by other times, form part of a display in La Paz that makes it clear that Bolivia's indigenous Aymara women are more in style than ever.

Twelve of their outfits are included in the display, which begins this Friday at the Costumbrista Museum in La Paz, the institution's director, Monica Sejas, told EFE.

Every year the museum puts on an expo dedicated to the Aymara girls, known as "cholitas," stars of its collection of photos from 1925 to the present, as well as to items of clothing from times gone by that are part of its heritage.

The novelty this year are 12 new outfits donated by Mabel Cruz Romano, who had them made in recent years to dance the "morenada," a typical Bolivian dance, with the group "Fanatics of Great Power," Sejas said.

The inspiration for these fashions was the clothing of Aymara women between the late 19th century and the beginning of the 20th.

A happy coincidence was found between a 1925 photo, which shows an Aymara girl wearing an outfit of delicate lace and vertically striped blouse and skirt, and a very similar sky-blue fashion donated by Cruz.

Another of the new outfits is dark green like velvet with fine white lace cuffs and decorations on the upper part of the skirt.

Beside it is a blue outfit with yellow decorations and a shawl, while another that stands out is red with a black blouse and boots.

Every outfit is complemented with lace petticoats that fit underneath the skirts, and with the elegant fedora or derby hat that a cholita cannot lack.

The museum has a permanent gallery dedicated to the Aymara women of La Paz, which reveals that in the 16th century Inca ladies in Qullasuyu, the ancient territory of the Altiplano, wore the "aqsu," a garment that covered them from shoulders to ankles and were fastened with "tupus" or pins.

Around the waist they wore a "chumpi" or sash and on their shoulders a "lliqlla," a kind of shawl.

During the colonial era, Viceroy Francisco de Toledo banned the use of Inca garb and ordered people to wear clothing typical of the mountains in Spain.

"The chiefs and their families were the first to adopt Spanish clothing," according to the museum.

Gaining popularity in the 17th century were petticoats, which were adopted by the Bolivian cholitas along with the traditional shawl of Madrid, garments that today are an essential part of the Aymara girls' traditional dress.

The cholitas' wardrobe has undergone changes over the years, with the change of the white "jipijapa" hats (palm-leaf hats) for the current derbies, and boots for flat slippers, Sejas said.

Furthermore, the shawls used to be embroidered but now "they're made of silk and are much more elaborate."

Though such changes are there to be seen, it is also evident that the fashions of long ago are returning, since "sleek cloth is being pretty much left aside" in a return to heavy textiles.

"What can be seen in this display is that the elegance of the La Paz lady has not gone out of style, but every year gets stronger and more prevalent in our society," Sejas said. EFE-EPA

gb/cd

 600x350

Comentarios

Histórico de noticias
Daily COVID-19 pandemic roundup: June 4

Miami Desk, Jun 4 (efe-epa).- Here's a roundup of stories around the world related to the novel coronavirus pandemic:

Long lines, incidents in Venezuela amid short supply of Iranian gasoline

Caracas, Jun 4 (efe-epa).- In Venezuela on Thursday, people formed long lines and there were a number of incidents at filling stations, where gasoline is...

Protests vs. police brutality targeting blacks as Minneapolis weeps for Floyd

By Beatriz Pascual Macias

US sanctions on remittances threaten key income source for many Cubans

By Lorena Canto

Daily COVID-19 pandemic roundup: June 3

Miami Desk, Jun 3 (efe-epa).- Here's a roundup of stories around the world related to the novel coronavirus pandemic:

Expert panel: Pandemic shows fighting "fake news" should be joint effort

Santiago, Jun 3 (efe-epa).- Announcements on the social and media networks promoting ingesting chlorine to cure Covid-19 have shown that "fake news" can be...

Evolution of pandemic in South, Central America of great concern to WHO

Geneva, Jun 3 (efe-epa).- The World Health Organization on Wednesday said that the evolution of the coronavirus pandemic in South and Central America is of...

Pentagon chief contradicts Trump by rejecting military deployment in US

Washington, Jun 3 (efe-epa).- Defense Secretary Mark Esper attempted to distance himself from President Donald Trump on Wednesday by saying that he does not...

Daily COVID-19 pandemic roundup: June 1

Miami Desk, Jun 1 (efe-epa).- Here's a roundup of stories around the world related to the novel coronavirus pandemic:

Family-ordered autopsy confirms George Floyd died of asphyxiation

Washington, Jun 1 (efe-epa).- Two autopsies on George Floyd, the African American man who died exactly a week ago while being arrested by white Minneapolis...

Boston ex-police chief: The problem's not the police, it's systemic racism

By Jairo Mejia

4 Brazilian states begin reopening with cases, deaths still on the rise

Sao Paulo, Jun 1 (efe-epa).- Several cities in the Brazilian states of Sao Paulo, Ceara, Amazonas and Para - four of the regions hardest hit by the...

Daily COVID-19 pandemic roundup: May 31

Miami Desk, May 31 (efe-epa).- Here's a roundup of stories around the world related to the novel coronavirus pandemic:

Pro- and anti-Bolsonaro forces clash in Sao Paulo

Sao Paulo, May 31 (efe-epa).- Groups supporting and opposing Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro clashed on Sunday in violent disturbances amid the political...

Police behavior stirring up violence amid US protests

Washington, May 31 (efe-epa).- Across the United States on Sunday, local authorities strengthened security measures to prepare for new after-dark riots and...

SpaceX Dragon capsule docks with International Space Station

(Update: Adds comments by crew and NASA officials)

Daily COVID-19 pandemic roundup: May 28

Miami Desk, May 28 (efe-epa).- Here's a roundup of stories around the world related to the novel coronavirus pandemic:

With 101,000 deaths, US still unable to slow spread of coronavirus

Washington, May 28 (efe-epa).- The United States, now with more than 101,000 official deaths from Covid-19, on Thursday still has not been able to halt the...

FBI giving top priority to black man's death at hands of Minneapolis police

Washington, May 28 (efe-epa).- The US Department of Justice and the FBI on Thursday issued a joint statement saying that they will undertake a "robust...

Migrants held in US detention centers at the mercy of COVID-19

By Alex Segura Lozano and Laura Barros

Daily COVID-19 pandemic roundup: May 27

Miami Desk, May 27 (efe-epa).- Here's a roundup of stories around the world related to the novel coronavirus pandemic:

NASA-SpaceX launch to International Space Station scrubbed due to weather

Miami, May 27 (efe-epa).- The historic launch of the NASA-SpaceX manned mission to the International Space Station from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida...

Brazil's economic engine announces responsible resumption of activities

By Maria Angelica Troncoso

Expert: Pandemic revealing labor exploitation as in US slavery period

By Jorge Ignacio Perez