06 de junio de 2020
English - News

UN: Pandemic will cause 1st reversal in development since 1990

 Several unemployed men on May 19, 2020, in Los Angeles, California. EFE-EPA/Etienne Laurent

Several unemployed men on May 19, 2020, in Los Angeles, California. EFE-EPA/Etienne Laurent

United Nations, May 20 (efe-epa).- The coronavirus pandemic this year could result in the first reversal in the Human Development Index, an indicator prepared by the United Nations since 1990 to measure the global progress on education, healthcare and living standards.

Up to now, no crisis in the last 30 years has caused the HDI to backtrack on the world level, but that rising trend will clearly reverse in 2020, according to a report presented Wednesday by the UN Development Program.

Among other things, the UNDP expected that progress in life expectancy will be halted, with Covid-19 so far having caused more than 300,000 direct deaths and resulting in thousands of children dying "indirectly" and from preventable causes over the coming months.

"The estimates we have on indirect effects of this crisis tell us that between 250,000 and more than a million children under age 5 could die. Why? Because they are not receiving the attention they need," Heriberto Tapia, a senior researcher for the UNDP and one of the report's authors, told EFE.

The closing of schools is another of the factors weighing on development progress, given that despite efforts to continue education "outside the classroom" and at a distance, many students do not have access to the Internet - where online classes are provided - above all in countries with fewer resources.

According to UNDP calculations, about 60 percent of the world's children in elementary school are not receiving education right now, a level not seen since the 1980s.

To all of this must be added a significant economic recession, with a fall of 4 percent in the global per capita GDP.

"It's a crisis that it hitting us on different fronts and so this time, for the first time since the concept was created for the world as a whole, we're seeing an unprecedented drop," Tapia said.

He also emphasized the rapid advance of the "multisystemic crisis" and, in addition, the significant uncertainty that lies ahead, given that it is "reasonable to suppose that the problems are going to continue" at a minimum through the second half of the year.

The response, Tapia emphasized, is even more complicated than in earlier shocks, for example economic crises for which there were well-established recipes, including aid packages to stimulate the economy.

"In this case, that doesn't necessarily work, because we can't stimulate the economy if, at the same time, we're asking people to remain at home for their health. There are additional restrictions in this crisis that make it especially harmful for human development," he said.

Although the report does not offer a specific analysis by region, Tapia said that Latin America is being very hard hit by the crisis, with a "very significant recession" under way and countries like Brazil experiencing a very large number of coronavirus cases.

In addition, in the education sector, the sharp inequality in Latin America must be noted, with some students who have been able to continue with their classes and others who have no access to virtual classrooms at all.

According to the latest figures from the World Health Organization, 4.69 million confirmed coronavirus cases have been detected globally so far and 315,131 people have died from the Covid-19 pneumonia the virus sometimes causes.




Histórico de noticias
Daily COVID-19 pandemic roundup: June 4

Miami Desk, Jun 4 (efe-epa).- Here's a roundup of stories around the world related to the novel coronavirus pandemic:

Long lines, incidents in Venezuela amid short supply of Iranian gasoline

Caracas, Jun 4 (efe-epa).- In Venezuela on Thursday, people formed long lines and there were a number of incidents at filling stations, where gasoline is...

Protests vs. police brutality targeting blacks as Minneapolis weeps for Floyd

By Beatriz Pascual Macias

US sanctions on remittances threaten key income source for many Cubans

By Lorena Canto

Daily COVID-19 pandemic roundup: June 3

Miami Desk, Jun 3 (efe-epa).- Here's a roundup of stories around the world related to the novel coronavirus pandemic:

Expert panel: Pandemic shows fighting "fake news" should be joint effort

Santiago, Jun 3 (efe-epa).- Announcements on the social and media networks promoting ingesting chlorine to cure Covid-19 have shown that "fake news" can be...

Evolution of pandemic in South, Central America of great concern to WHO

Geneva, Jun 3 (efe-epa).- The World Health Organization on Wednesday said that the evolution of the coronavirus pandemic in South and Central America is of...

Pentagon chief contradicts Trump by rejecting military deployment in US

Washington, Jun 3 (efe-epa).- Defense Secretary Mark Esper attempted to distance himself from President Donald Trump on Wednesday by saying that he does not...

Daily COVID-19 pandemic roundup: June 1

Miami Desk, Jun 1 (efe-epa).- Here's a roundup of stories around the world related to the novel coronavirus pandemic:

Family-ordered autopsy confirms George Floyd died of asphyxiation

Washington, Jun 1 (efe-epa).- Two autopsies on George Floyd, the African American man who died exactly a week ago while being arrested by white Minneapolis...

Boston ex-police chief: The problem's not the police, it's systemic racism

By Jairo Mejia

4 Brazilian states begin reopening with cases, deaths still on the rise

Sao Paulo, Jun 1 (efe-epa).- Several cities in the Brazilian states of Sao Paulo, Ceara, Amazonas and Para - four of the regions hardest hit by the...

Daily COVID-19 pandemic roundup: May 31

Miami Desk, May 31 (efe-epa).- Here's a roundup of stories around the world related to the novel coronavirus pandemic:

Pro- and anti-Bolsonaro forces clash in Sao Paulo

Sao Paulo, May 31 (efe-epa).- Groups supporting and opposing Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro clashed on Sunday in violent disturbances amid the political...

Police behavior stirring up violence amid US protests

Washington, May 31 (efe-epa).- Across the United States on Sunday, local authorities strengthened security measures to prepare for new after-dark riots and...

SpaceX Dragon capsule docks with International Space Station

(Update: Adds comments by crew and NASA officials)

Daily COVID-19 pandemic roundup: May 28

Miami Desk, May 28 (efe-epa).- Here's a roundup of stories around the world related to the novel coronavirus pandemic:

With 101,000 deaths, US still unable to slow spread of coronavirus

Washington, May 28 (efe-epa).- The United States, now with more than 101,000 official deaths from Covid-19, on Thursday still has not been able to halt the...

FBI giving top priority to black man's death at hands of Minneapolis police

Washington, May 28 (efe-epa).- The US Department of Justice and the FBI on Thursday issued a joint statement saying that they will undertake a "robust...

Migrants held in US detention centers at the mercy of COVID-19

By Alex Segura Lozano and Laura Barros

Daily COVID-19 pandemic roundup: May 27

Miami Desk, May 27 (efe-epa).- Here's a roundup of stories around the world related to the novel coronavirus pandemic:

NASA-SpaceX launch to International Space Station scrubbed due to weather

Miami, May 27 (efe-epa).- The historic launch of the NASA-SpaceX manned mission to the International Space Station from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida...

Brazil's economic engine announces responsible resumption of activities

By Maria Angelica Troncoso

Expert: Pandemic revealing labor exploitation as in US slavery period

By Jorge Ignacio Perez